Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools

The Check-In, Check-Out Intervention
Third Edition
Pages: 269
ISBN: 9781462539512
Item Number: 8683


Now revised and expanded with the latest research and adaptations for additional target behaviors, this is the gold-standard guide to Check-In, Check-Out (CICO), the most widely implemented Tier 2 behavior intervention.

CICO is designed for the approximately 10–15% of students who fail to meet schoolwide behavioral expectations but who do not require intensive, individualized supports. In a large-size format for easy photocopying, the book includes step-by-step procedures and reproducible tools for planning and implementation. At the companion website, purchasers can download and print the reproducible tools and can access online-only training materials, sample daily progress reports, and an Excel database for managing daily data. (Second edition subtitle: The Behavior Education Program.)

New to This Edition

  • Chapters on CICO in alternative educational settings and for students with internalizing behavior problems.
  • Content on using CICO for attendance issues, academic and organizational skills, and recess behavior problems.
  • Chapter on layering additional targeted interventions onto CICO.
  • Chapter with specific recommendations for training and coaching school teams.
  • Expanded chapters on frequently asked questions, implementation in high school, and culturally responsive practices.
  • Supplemental online-only training and data management tools.
  • Updated throughout with current data and evidence-based procedures.

See also Dr. Hawken’s training DVD, Check-In, Check-Out, Second Edition: A Tier 2 Intervention for Students at Risk. Also available: the authors’ work on intensive interventions for severe problem behavior, Building Positive Behavior Support Systems in Schools, Second Edition: Functional Behavioral Assessment.

  1. Introduction to Check-In, Check-Out
  2. The Context for PBIS in Schools
  3. Basic CICO: Critical Features and Processes
  4. Getting a CICO Intervention Started
  5. Roles, Responsibilities, and Training Needs Related to Implementing CICO, Deanne A. Crone, Leanne S. Hawken, & K. Sandra MacLeod
  6. Designing CICO to Fit Your School
  7. Selecting Fidelity and Outcome Data Systems to Guide CICO Decision Making, Robert H. Horner, K. Brigid Flannery, Angus Kittelman, Mimi McGrath Kato, & Leanne S. Hawken
  8. Adaptations to Basic CICO
  9. Layering More Intensive Interventions onto Basic CICO, Leanne S. Hawken, Kimberli Breen, Kaitlin Bundock, & Deanne A. Crone
  10. Considerations for Caregiver Partnership and Culturally Responsive CICO, Sara C. McDaniel & Allison Leigh Bruhn
  11. CICO in High School Settings, Kaitlin Bundock & K. Brigid Flannery
  12. CICO for Students with Internalizing Behavior Problems, Kristin Kladis, Kristen Stokes, & Breda O’Keeffe
  13. CICO in Alternative Educational Settings, Nicole Swoszowski, Robin Ennis, & Kristine Jolivette
  14. Training Schools on CICO Implementation: A Guide for Coaches/Trainers
  15. Frequently Asked Questions and Troubleshooting CICO Implementation


A.1 List of Abbreviations and Definitions

B.1 Working Smarter, Not Harder Matrix

B.2 Request for Assistance Form

B.3 Parental Permission Form

B.4 Daily Progress Report—Middle School, Example 1

B.5 Daily Progress Report—Middle School, Example 2

B.6 Thumbs-Up! Ticket

B.7 Daily Progress Report—Elementary School, Example 1

B.8 Daily Progress Report—Elementary School, Example 2

C.1 CICO Implementation Readiness Questionnaire

C.2 Voting Form for Implementing the CICO Intervention

C.3 CICO Development and Implementation Guide

D.1 CICO Form—Elementary School

D.2 CICO Form—Middle/High School

E.1 Reinforcer Checklist

F.1 CICO Fidelity of Implementation Measure

G.1 Functional Assessment Checklist for Teachers and Staff



“Capturing 10 years of advances in the field, this volume provides new enhancements to the evidence-based CICO intervention. The third edition includes an updated high school chapter, a new chapter on CICO in alternative settings, and a new training-the-trainer chapter that provides step-by-step guidance for setting up a CICO workshop. Other important new topics include how to adapt CICO for academic/organizational, recess, and internalizing behavior issues. This book can be used in any school to improve the effectiveness of Tier 2 intervention.”

—Bob Putnam, PhD, LP, BCBA-D, LABA, Executive Vice President of PBIS and Consultation, May Institute

“CICO is one of the most valuable tools I’ve used in my career as a school psychologist—it has had a lasting positive impact on our students. This comprehensive manual provides clear action steps for school teams to effectively and efficiently implement the program to meet the needs of their students. In addition to examples of implementation in real schools, the manual is complete with sample materials, data collection forms, and ideas for adapting the intervention, providing practioners a full CICO toolkit. My district has used this manual to train elementary and middle school implementation teams over the past several years, and we are excited for the expanded third edition, which includes applications for students with internalizing behaviors, high school settings, and alternative education programs.”

—Mishele Stein Carroll, MA, NCSP, Social Emotional Learning Coordinator, Jeffco Public Schools, Colorado

“This excellent book is supported by a strong theoretical base. The third edition is enhanced by detailed instructions for training school personnel, as well as guidance on how to systematically track intervention fidelity and outcomes, which is crucial in a multi-tiered framework. The chapter on culturally responsive CICO is helpful for adapting and applying the core components in various contexts—even internationally. I especially appreciate how the third edition helps schools to become even more inclusive by layering additional interventions onto CICO for students who need extra support.”

—Anne Karhu, PhD, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland

“This book will change the way schools see and serve struggling students at an early stage across ages, cultures, and countries. Key ideas, recommendations, and evidence are presented in a clear way. The book has several great concrete examples of CICO implementation that efficiently demonstrate how students can experience more success in school. All of us who coach schools in their efforts to promote students’ academic and social learning and development should be indebted to the authors for this impressive third edition.”

—Anne Arnesen, PhD, Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development, Oslo, Norway

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