What Works When with Children and Adolescents

A Handbook of Individual Counseling Techniques
Spanish Language Edition
Pages: 392
ISBN: 9780878227204
Item Number: 6613


This book is an adaptation and translation into Spanish of What Works When with Children and Adolescents.

This practical handbook is designed for counselors, social workers, and psychologists in schools and mental health settings. It offers over 100 creative activities and effective interventions for individual counseling with children and adolescents ages 6-18.

The activities include stories, songs, games, worksheets, role plays, and other strategies that address problems, such as anger, anxiety/worry, depression, underachievement, procrastination, perfectionism, self-downing, and acting out. The interventions, which are based on the principles of rational emotive behavior therapy, can be used for helping students with normal developmental issues as well as for helping those with more serious emotional or behavioral problems.

Dr. Vernon provides strategies for establishing a therapeutic relationship with students who are sometimes apprehensive or opposed to counseling. Several case studies are included to help illustrate the counseling techniques and interventions. The book also includes a chapter on working with parents and teachers.

Book Reviews

“While many existing books discuss the theoretical orientations of different therapies, there are far fewer that describe specific techniques for use with children and adolescents. Dr. Vernon fills this void. . . . a well-written guide that many clinicians will find useful.”

—Erin Clark and Ray Christner, Communique
Newspaper of the National Association of School Psychologists

“Vernon uses anecdotes to help provide the basics of different counseling techniques, and addresses internalizing problems, developmental problems, and emotive behavior. The book also includes suggestions for well-crafted activities to supplement standard therapy techniques.”

Youth Today, The Newspaper on Youth Work

Chapter 1: Considerations in Working with Young Clients

  • Developmental Considerations
    • Early Childhood
    • Middle Childhood
    • Early Adolescence
    • Mid-Adolescence
  • Implications of Developmental Stages
  • Relationship between REBT and Development
  • The Therapeutic Relationship
  • Building Rapport
    • Strategies for Building Rapport with Children
      (Ages 5 to 10)
    • Strategies for Building Rapport with Adolescents
      (Ages 11 to 18)
  • Establishing Goals

Chapter 2: Basic Principles of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

  • Basic Principles: The ABC’s of REBT
    • Irrational Beliefs
    • Disputation
    • Rational Beliefs/Moderation of Feelings and Behaviors
  • Specific Applications to Children and Adolescents
    • Problem Assessment
    • The ABC Process
    • Homework
    • Evaluation

Chapter 3: Interventions for Internalizing Problems

  • Self-Downing
  • Anxiety
  • Perfectionism
  • Guilt
  • Depression
  • Case Study
    • Summary of Case Study

Chapter 4: Interventions for Externalizing Problems

  • Anger
  • Acting Out
  • Procrastination
  • Underachievement
  • Case Study
    • Summary of Case Study

Chapter 5: Interventions for Typical Developmental Problems

  • Relationships
  • Performance and Competition
  • Self-Consciousness
  • Transitions
  • Case Study
    • Summary of Case Study

Chapter 6: Applications for Parents and Teachers

  • Problem Assessment
  • Identifying Irrational Beliefs
  • Disputing Irrational Beliefs
  • Teaching and Parenting Styles
    • Authoritarian Style
    • Permissive Style
    • Authoritative Style
  • Solving the Practical Problem
    • Logical Consequences
    • Communication Techniques: What Doesn’t Work
      and What Does
  • Rational Emotive Education
  • Case Study
    • Summary of Case Study

Appendix: Game Board

Chapter 3: Interventions for Internalizing Problems


  • If Who You Are Is What You Do
  • I Can, I Can’t
  • This Package Is Valuable
  • Burst or Bounce Back?
  • Don’t Soak It Up
  • USA
  • A Good CD, One Bad Song


  • Anxious Albert
  • Adios, Anxiety
  • Feel Your Fears
  • Fraidy-Cat Frieda
  • A Is for Anxious, B Is for Behaving
  • A-A – Anti-Anxiety
  • Anxiety Attackers
  • Let It Go


  • Perfect, Please
  • I’m Not Perfect
  • P Is for Perfect
  • Can’t Be Perfect
  • Putting Perfect in Perspective
  • The Price of Perfection
  • A Preference for Perfect
  • Less-Than-Perfect Circles


  • Goodbye to Guilt
  • Don’t Beat Yourself Up
  • G Is for Guilt
  • Guilty but Sorry
  • Give Up Guilt
  • I’ll Take Some Blame
  • Guilt or Regret?
  • Guilty as Charged


  • So Sad
  • Sick of Being Sad
  • Down the Drain
  • Silly Songs
  • When You Need a Helping Hand
  • How Low Do You Go?
  • Take a Sad Song and Make It Better
  • Done with Depression

Chapter 4: Interventions for Externalizing Problems


  • Don’t Pop Your Top
  • Stay Cool Is the Rule
  • The Anger Alarm
  • Angry Arnie
  • Anger Is and Isn’t
  • Anger Alert
  • Adios, Anger
  • Attack That Anger

Acting Out

  • More of the Same
  • Away with Acting Out
  • Act Now, Pay Later
  • Step into Their Shoes
  • Actions Speak Louder Than Words
  • Awesome Actions?
  • Action Awareness
  • Account for Your Actions


  • Put It Off
  • Calling All Procrastinators
  • Procrastination Pointers
  • Now or Later?
  • Why Procrastinate?
  • Procrastination: Price and Payoff
  • Better Late Than Never
  • Paralyzing Procrastination


  • Poor Performance
  • Understanding Underachievement
  • Excuses, Excuses
  • The Road to Achievement
  • Underestimating Underachievement
  • Why Try?
  • Underachievement Is Unauthorized
  • To Do or Not to Do

Chapter 5: Interventions for Typical Developmental Problems


  • Tuning Out Teasing
  • Fights with Friends
  • Rejected, Dejected
  • Words Will Never Hurt Me
  • Fickle Friends
  • Relationship Realities
  • Problems with Parents
  • Romantic Relationships

Performance and Competition

  • I Have to Win
  • Making the Grade
  • Not a Complete Failure
  • Doing the Best I Can
  • Best of the Class
  • Pressure to Perform
  • Winning Isn’t Everything
  • Pick Me


  • I Feel Strange
  • Keep My Mouth Shut
  • Being Shy
  • Ugly Duckling
  • In the Mirror
  • So Ugly
  • Zoom In
  • Fitting In


  • Moving On
  • Family Changes
  • Next Grade
  • Dealing with Divorce
  • Preparing for the Future
  • Times Are Changing
  • What’s Next?
  • Get a Job

Reproducible forms and handouts for this title are available on our downloads page.

In-service training or workshops can be provided for your school, facility, or organization. Dr. Vernon’s workshops are engaging, practical, and highly informative. For more information and available dates, please contact:

Ann Vernon, Ph.D.
Phone 520-405-2622
E-Mail: vernonann47@gmail.com

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