HIT-How I Think Questionnaire

Manual and Packet of 20 Questionnaires
ISBN: 9780878224708
Item Number: 5136


This widely used questionnaire can be used independently or to enhance the EQUIP training program.

It measures four categories of self-serving cognitive distortions (thinking errors)—Self-Centered, Blaming Others, Minimizing/Mislabeling, and Assuming the Worst.

The questionnaire is a 54-item measure that can be administered in groups or with individuals. It is typically completed in 5 to 15 minutes and requires only a fourth-grade reading level. The questionnaire, which includes scoring and computation instructions and forms, is useful in assessment, treatment planning, tracking therapeutic progress, and individual- or program-level outcome evaluation.

The How I Think (HIT) Questionnaire is sold in sets of 20 and is accompanied by a 44-page manual.


The How I Think (HIT) Questionnaire contains 54 items divided into four cognitive distortion subscales:

  1. Self-Centered
  2. Blaming Others
  3. Minimizing/Mislabeling
  4. Assuming the Worst

The items are also applied to four behavioral referent subscales:

  1. Opposition-Defiance
  2. Physical Aggression
  3. Lying
  4. Stealing

Sample questionnaire items:

  • Rules are mostly meant for other people.
  • If I really want to do something, I don’t care if it’s legal or not.
  • You have to get even with people who don’t show you respect.
  • People are always trying to hassle me.

Response to each item is along a 6-point Likert type scale (from agree strongly to disagree strongly).

  • Theoretical Rationale
    • Background
    • Typology
  • Description and Development of the HIT Questionnaire
  • Validation Methods
    • Participants
    • Measures
    • Procedures
  • Validation Results
    • Content and Face Validity
    • Factor-Analytic Validity
    • Internal Consistency
    • Convergent and Divergent Validity
    • Discriminant Validity
    • Construct Validity
    • Summary
  • Using the HIT Questionnaire
    • General Considerations
    • Computing Scores
    • Norms and Cutoffs
    • Plotting the Profile
    • Interpretation and Treatment Planning
    • Evaluating Therapeutic Progress and Outcomes
    • Summary
  • Notes
  • References
  • About the Authors


  1. HIT Questionnaire Computation Form
  2. HIT Questionnaire Profile Form


  1. Readability Profile for the HIT Questionnaire
  2. Matrix Structure of the HIT Questionnaire
  3. Rater Classification Accuracy of HIT Questionnaire Items by Subscale
  4. Confirmatory Factor Analysis by Cognitive Distortion Categories
  5. Confirmatory Factor Analysis by Behavioral Referent Categories
  6. Zero-Order Correlations among Subscales According to Cognitive Distortion Categories
  7. Zero-Order Correlations among Subscales According to Behavioral Referent Categories
  8. Internal Consistency Reliabilities as Measured by Cronbach’s Coefficient Alpha
  9. F Values for the Effects of Group, Gender, and Race
  10. Group Means, Standard Deviations, and F Values
  11. Descriptive Statistics for All HIT Questionnaire Scales Based on the Normative Sample
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